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Glossary

Glossary

A series of wide–ranging, informative, and possibly intriguing Notes on the subject of all types of sliding sash and casement windows in both timber and metal; covering origin

#A
Absorbency

Absorbency

Absorbency refers to the degree to which a surface or marital takes in liquids. Materials with high Absorbency such as matte painted walls, plaster and untreated wood (especially softwoods) take in liquids easily. As a result, this can make them prone to staining, mould and frost damage. Materials that aren’t absorbent like plastics, treated wood, […]

Architraves

Architraves

Architraves | Arcs are words that originate from the ancient Greek word epistyle used to describe the plaster feature at the top of columns. In modern architecture, an Architrave | Arcs is used to describe the moulding that rounds of walls, doorways or even windows. While Architrave is the correct team they can also go […]

Acrylic

Acrylic

Acrylic is a term that refers to products that contain compounds derived from acrylic acid (for example Polyacrylonitrille and PMMA) is a glassy thermoplastic that can be used in adhesives, paint, fillers and coatings or can be cast and moulded. Acrylics are a collection of materials that pertain to a wide range of uses in […]

#E

Eggshell paint

Eggshell is a term that is used to describe paint with a very slight sheen between matte satin paint. As indicated by its name when dry it has an appearance is similar to that of an eggshell. As eggshell has a slight sheen it does reflect light giving the painted surfaces a lighter appearance as […]

#F

Fat edge

A fat edge is a term that describes a defect on a painted surface due to improper application. A fat edge is a build-up, or accumulation, of excess paint. A fat edge is a term that describes a defect on a painted surface (window frame edges) due to improper application. A fat edge is a […]

Fanlight wind

A fanlight is a semi-circular window that can sometimes be found above other windows but is more commonly placed above doors. The common design has traceries or glazing bars radiating from a single point like the spokes of a wheel with glass in between. This wooden window typical design is what gives it its name […]

Fibre brushes

The bristles are usually made of natural vegetable fibres but can also be a mix of natural and artificial fibres. Fibre brushes often referred to as masonry brushes, are a specific type of paintbrush that is designed to be used with materials and on surfaces an ordinary bristle brush might not be appropriate for. Fibre […]

#G

Gloss paint definition and explanation

Gloss paint is a term that describes any paints that when dry reflects some amount of light. Gloss paints can come in a wide range of variety in the amount of light that is reflected from matte (that has little reflection) to high gloss (which is very reflective) and varying levels between each, which are […]

Graining

Graining

Graining can be used on wide range of materials including non-wood surfaces such as MDF or dry wall, as well soft wood that has a small grain. Graining has very little practical use so is solely for aesthetic purposes. If done properly it can give bland, unappealing surfaces the appearance of high quality oak. Graining […]

#H

Hiding power

Hiding power is a term that is used to describe paints ability to hide or cover a surface. When used in reference to paint it describes how well it can obscure the surfaces original colour. Hiding power can also be referred to as Opacity or simply abbreviated into HP. The level of hiding power paint […]

#S
Sheen

Sheen

Sheen is a term that is used to describe paints that have a lower level of gloss, therefore a lower amount of light that can be reflected It is typically used as a descriptor when discussing paints that are categorised as satin, silk or eggshell along with others that have lower reflective properties to semi-gloss. […]

Satin

Satin

Satin is a term that describes a paint that is not as glossy (reflective of light) as semi-gloss, but more so than matte paints. Satin paint reflects about 26% to 40% of light. Satin paint is a great choice for rooms that have suffered a little wear and tear. Its less reflective quality means that […]

Semi-gloss

Semi-gloss

Gloss is a term that describes how much light can be reflected by a surface-so semi-gloss describes paint or coating that, when dry, has a slight sheen to it. This makes it a great compromise between a matte paint (that produces no sheen) and a gloss paint (that produces a lot of sheen and makes […]

#U
Undercoat

Undercoat

Undercoat refers to a layer of paint that is applied before the final coat and sometimes after a coat of primer. The undercoat is an important stage in painting a surface. It not only provides a smoother surface for the topcoat giving it a better finish easier application but can also assist in stopping the […]

Undertone

Undertone

Undertone is a term that refers to the subtle colouration that is added to a paint mixture that can be seen under the primary colouration. The undertone may not be easily noticeable but is greatly affective on the overall mood of the paint. Undertones can make a painted surface feel warmer by using undertones of […]

#W
Wood stain

Wood stain

Wood stain is a term that describes anything that colours wood. There are products that solely stain the wood but there are also others such as oils, varnishes and waxes that both stain and teat the wood (make it less absorbent and resistant to damage). Wood stains consist of a pigment or dye (for colour) […]

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