Welcome to our wooden window restoration glossary page! Here you will find definitions for all the technical terms used in relation to sash windows refurbishment. We hope you find this helpful! We've collected a list of common sash window terms and their definitions to help you better understand the specific content thought-out our website and blog. The Glossary section of the website can be useful for you to quickly understand the meaning of unknown terms about wooden windows. The sash window glossary is a list of terms and their definitions, which can help you understand the content of our website. In addition, the Glossary can provide you with links to related articles from our window restoration blog, so you can explore the subject in more depth. If you're ever unsure about a term or concept, be sure to check the Glossary first.
Wood stain

Wood stain

Wood stain is a term that describes anything that colours wood. There are products that solely stain the wood but there are also others such as oils, varnishes and waxes that both stain and teat the wood (make it less absorbent and resistant to damage).

Wood stains consist of a pigment or dye (for colour) suspended or dissolved in a vehicle or solvent. Wood stains typically use alcohol, petroleum or water as a vehicle or solvent (E.G if water is used their called water based). Wood stains that us primarily dyes provide a more transparent colouring and are used for finer grained woods. Pigments offer more opaque colouring and are better of woods with a less fine grain. There are many products that us both to provided semi- opaque colouring.

Wood stains are/ need to be absorbed by the outer layer of the wood. Because of this, it is important to apply it to freshly sanded or bare wood as any prior treatment will stop it from being absorbed.

Other terms

  • Satin


    Satin is a term that describes a paint that is not as glossy (reflective of light) as semi-gloss, but more so than matte paints. Satin paint reflects about 26% to 40% of light. Satin paint is a great choice for rooms that have suffered a little wear and tear. Its less reflective quality means that […]

  • Undertone


    Undertone is a term that refers to the subtle colouration that is added to a paint mixture that can be seen under the primary colouration. The undertone may not be easily noticeable but is greatly affective on the overall mood of the paint. Undertones can make a painted surface feel warmer by using undertones of […]

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